Akbari Mahal

Situated at the southeast corner at the northern alignment of Jahangiri Mahal in Agra Fort, overlooking the river are the remains of Akbari Mahal. It is the oldest building of the Fort, being contemporary to the stepped well baoli and the rampart walls. Originally it had a portico (deorhi) on the western side whose lower walls are still extant. The portico opened in the spacious rectangular courtyard paved with red sandstone slabs. The courtyard was surrounded by large living rooms and a double storeyed pavilion connected with rooms on the eastern side with flat roofs. The interior hall had several windows overlooking the river, which must have been originally provided with lattice work which are now missing.

The style of architecture of the pavilion and rooms is of trabeate order but occasionally four centered arches are used as decorative arcading for aesthetic reason. The walls are notable for stone carvings and double brackets.

The present excavation in the northern side near the southern wall of Jahangiri Mahal of the Akbari palace by the Archaeological Survey of India, Agra Circle has revealed the series of stepped lavatory, topped by red sand stone slabs. These must have been used by the royal ladies of the harem. It is approached by a stair case leading to the underground arrangement. Behind the lavatory there is a long service lane for cleaning the lavatory.

Akbari Mahal