Terrace of Diwan-i-Khas

Jahangir's Chain of Justice (Zanjir-i-Adl). Somewhere at the present terrace of Diwan-i-Khas, Emperor Jahangir had suspended his Chain of Justice (Zanjir-i-Adl) in 1605 AD. He recorded in his Memoirs that after his accession the first order he gave was for the fastening up of the Chain of Justice so that if those engaged in the administration of justice should delay or practice hypocrisy the aggrieved might come to this chain and shake it so that its sound might attract his attention. It was made of pure gold. It was 30 gaz (24.6 m.) in length and had 60 bells. It weighted one quintal. Its one end was fastened to the battlement of the Shah Burj and the other to a stone post on the bank of the river. Contemporary foreign travelers like William Howkins personally saw it. It has also been depicted in a contemporary painting made in 1620.

This was a novel way to redress the grievances of the people who could approach the king, the highest judicial authority of the Empire directly without fear or formality for immediate relief. There was no distinction of caste or creed or between poor and rich. It is as much a dream as a lesson to modern jurists Jahangir's administration of justice viz. 'Adl-i-Jahangir' became a legend in Indian history.

terrace of Diwan-i-Khas