Conservation at Agra Fort

The Archaeological Survey of India, Agra Circle has carried out conservation in various parts of Agra Fort complex. The important conservation works are briefly given below.

Year 2000-2001. The old and decayed red sandstone flooring in the northern verandah of Jahangiri Mahal was restored. The decayed plaster of the ceiling of Diwan-i-Am was replastered in special lime mortar. The broken marble Jali of the Musamman Burj was restored with new one as per the original. The missing part of red sandstone Jali of Phansi Ghar was replaced with new one.

Year 2001-2002. The underpinning and replastering work of the Birbal house was completed. The decayed ornamental plaster of the northern dalan of Raja Ratan Singh palace was restored as per the original. The Moti Masjid was conserved by way of pointing, underpinning and water tightening. Besides, Mughal pattern doors were provided at the basement cells of Moti Masjid. The work of providing red sandstone jali of Macchi Bhawan was taken up and the work was in progress. The red sandstone flooring in front of Diwan-i-Am was taken up and partially completed.

Year 2002-2003. The red sandstone flooring in the remaining portion of the Diwan-i- Am complex (in the north-western side) was taken up for environmental beautification. The remaining work of replastering in Raja Ratan Singh ki Haveli was completed.

Year 2003-2004. The southern entrance gate of Diwan-i-Am complex was conserved by restoring the missing red sandstone pinnacles, guldasta, veneering stones and decayed plaster. Similarly, the northern entrance gate of Diwan-i-Am complex was conserved by restoration of missing kangoora stone and veneering stones as per the original. The work of depalstering of decayed plaster was taken up and work is in progress. The work of providing red sandstone pathway in Diwan-i-Am complex towards Moti Masjid and Ratan Singh ki Haveli was completed.

The Moti Masjid was conserved by pointing and water tightening of the eastern and southern side wall. The missing and broken marble chhaja stone of the Moti Masjid were replaced with new one as per the old pattern. The southern side cells of the Meena Bazar were conserved by underpinning, pointing, edging, red sandstone flooring and restoration of decayed and missing doorframes of the cells. The fortification wall was conserved by providing and replacing decayed and missing red sandstone veneerings. The so called Shivaji cell was conserved by providing with lime concrete on roof after removal of the debris of the collapsed roof; provided lime concrete flooring in the pathway of the corridor, replacing the missing and decayed brackets, pillar, thibi as per the original. The decayed plaster of the interior of the building was deplastered and replastered matching to the original.

Year 2004-2005. The conservation works of the so called Shivaji cell was completed which include water tightening of roof terrace, replacement of old and decayed red sandstone members as veneering, plain dasa, dab, quid and replastering work where ever required.

Conservation of the Diwan-i-Am complex was attended by replacing the red sandstone pillars, plain dasa and veneer stone in verandah and water tightening of the roof terrace and laying lime plaster of verandah wall. The north side gate of Diwan-i-Am was conserved by replacing the decayed red sandstone pillars and veneer stones in courtyard of the gate and lime punning on walls wherever missing or decayed.

The Moti Masjid complex was conserved by replacement of red sandstone pan patti design dasa, plain dasa, bracket, dab, and door frame and provided with lime concrete flooring in the southern side cells.

The fortification wall (Riverside / Hathi ghat side) was conserved by lime plastering after underpinning on lakhauri brick walls, replacement of red sandstone veneer stones, dab, quid near Hathi Ghat and laying lime concrete on the pathway on the top of the fortification wall.

The Musamman Burj complex was conserved by replacing the broken white marble chhajja at the back of the Khas Mahal and octagonal type white marble railing and Muttaka on top of Mussaman Burj roof.

Underpinning, laying lime concrete and replacement of sandstone patti design dasa, frame and chhajja was carried out at Mina Bazar 2nd complex. The conservation works at Anguri Bagh complex include replacement of red sandstone pan patti design Dasa, plain dasa, dab veneering, flooring in front of Shish Mahal and providing Mughal pattern door in opening of cells. The Machhi Bhawan complex was conserved by replacement of red sandstone pan patti design dasa, plain dasa, dab, veneering, flooring, door frame, and lime punning on walls and providing Mughal pattern door in opening of cells.

The Amar Singh Gate complex was conserved by replacing of decayed red sandstone pan patti design dasa, plain dasa, dab veneering, carved panels, flooring, door frame and water tightening of roof terrace by laying lime concrete on roof.

Beside, the Diwan-i-Khas was also conserved by replacing white marble chhajja wherever missing.

Year 2005-2006. In Diwan-i-Am, in continuation of previous year, the work of replacement of red sandstone pillars, dasa, veneer stones in verandah was carried out. Lime punning over the plastered surface, recessed pointing on lakhauri brick flooring and red sandstone veneering was done, roof terrace was water tightened.

In continuation of previous year, the fortification wall of riverside was conserved by lime plaster on lakhauri brick wall after underpinning, replacement of decayed red sandstone veneer stones, dab, quid near Hathi Ghat to Amar Singh Gate and red sandstone flooring over the top of the Fort wall. The fortification wall in Salimgarh area from Amar Singh Gate to south-west corner was conserved by vegetation cleaning from top of the wall and laying lime concrete on same wall in place of dead concrete. The cells in the wall were underpinned and replastered.

In Moti Masjid complex the works which were started last year was completed and the works include red sandstone pan patti design dasa, palin dasa, bracket, fab, quid and door frame and lime concrete flooring in southern side cells.

The Baoli in Akbari Mahal was conserved by water tightening and cleaning of underground chambers and provided with iron mesh door in openings to prevent bats. The Akbari Mahal toilets were conserved by underpinning, water tightening and laying lime concrete in place of dead lime concrete. The Taksals and underground cells was conserved by underpinning, water tightening, cleaning of underground chambers in Taksal and below Jahangiri Mahal and providing red sandstone flooring.

The first floor of Machhi Bhawan was conserved by restoration of richly carved lime plaster in north and west side verandah with lime mortar and lime punning over plastered surface and laying lime concrete on roof terrace in place of dead one.

In Jahangiri Mahal, red sandstone flooring in south-west courtyard, water tightening of roof terrace by laying lime concrete in place of the dead one, replastering on wall and parapet was done.

The water moat from Musamman burj to Amar Singh Gate was desilted and lime plastered on moat wall after removal of dead pilaster.

Year 2006-2007. The Fortification wall from Water Gate to Amar Singh Gate was conserved by replastering, underpinning of kangooras, red sandstone flooring on top of wall as per original. In continuation of previous year, the conservation of the Salimgarh side cells in the fortification wall was carried out and completed and the works include underpinning, replastering of the cells in the same wall and laying red sandstone flooring on top of the wall. The outer fortification wall from Amar Singh gate to south west corner was partially conserved by laying lime concrete on same wall, replastering and underpinning of kangooras and red sandstone flooring on top of wall. The inner fortification wall near Bengali Burj was conserved by replacement of red sandstone veneer stones, dab, quid wherever missing and damaged and water tightening of the wall with lime mortar.

In continuation of last year, the conservation works of Jahangiri Mahal was carried out and completed which include replacement of red sandstone carving members as chhajja, bracket, pillar base, pinnacles and water tightening of roof terrace.

In Mina bazar complex, the conservation works include lime plaster on lakhauri brick wall after underpinning with lakhauri bricks and lime mortar, replacement of red sandstone members in place of decayed and bulged stones as bracket, dab, pan patti design dasa, plain dasa and flooring etc and water tightening of roof terrace with lime concrete.

Year 2007-2008. At Anguri Bagh complex the work of racking out decayed carved plasterwork was taken up and replastered matching with the original wherever necessary. Beside, damaged and broken Muttaka and Jali railing of red sandstone in the Upper story were also replaced.

In continuation of previous year's work, repair to 3rd Complex of Mina Bazar was continued during the period under review and almost 90% of work has now been completed. The old cement plaster which was provided by the Army in the past was racked out from walls, ceiling and cells and exposed area was conserved by underpinning and recessed pointing. The work is in progress. The moulding below the parapet has also been restored.

The Moti Masjid complex was repaired by racking out of dead lime concrete and relaid it again matching to the original. The marble chhajja stones were restored with new ones. The bulged out marble Gola galta stone were also replaced. The broken Kangoora stones of the parapet wall are conserved by restoring the decayed, broken and missing one.

The Water Moat near Amar Singh Gate was also repaired by way of cleaning of garbage from drain and moat, taking out damaged lakhauri brick flooring and resetting after providing base concrete, recessed pointing in open joints with lime mortar were also attended to. The paved pathways from Amar Singh Gate to Diwan-i-Am was repaired by replacing the old decayed and worn out red sandstone slabs. The Fortification wall from Amar Singh Gate to south-western corner was repaired by underpinning, plastering, restoring of red sandstone flooring, laying lime concreting and providing veneer stones wherever missing/broken. Damaged veneering stones wherever necessary were also replaced by new one.

Agra Fort inscription

Agra Fort inscription