Common name: Tiger. Scientific name: Panthera tigris tigris. Distinctive characters: orange coats with a whitish medial & ventral areas and stripes that vary from brown to black. The pattern of stripes is unique to each animal. Males weigh- 200-320 Kg and Female between 120-181 Kg. Distribution: throughout Indian subcontinent. Habit: nocturnal. Hunt from dusk to dawn. Habitat: forested tracts. Food: All type of herbivores including Sambar, Spotted deer, Wildboar, Nilgai, Buffaloes, Gaur etc. Breeding: mating occurs throughout the year & female gives birth to litter of 2-4 cubs alter a gestation period of around 3 1/2 months. Mostly mate after rains and cubs born between February-May. Cubs stay with mother till 2 years old. Sexual maturity for female - 2 years & male 4 years. Status: Wildlife (Protection) Act - Schedule-I, IUCN - Endangered.