Sarus Crane

Common name: Sarus Crane. Scientific name: Grus antigone. Distinctive characters: a large tall grey bird with long red legs, red head & upper neck. Sexes alike. Pairs about cultivation and marshland. Distribution: India, Burma, Thailand, Bangladesh, Pakistan. Mostly Assam in India, North & Central India. Habit: they produce a loud clarion - like trumpet note. Habitat: open marshlands, wet plains & prairies. Food: vegetable grains, berries, small fruits, tender roots, insects, snails, amphibians, reptiles, small birds & mammals but very few fish. Breeding: ground nesters & build fairly bulky nests of vegetation in marshy areas frequently surrounded by water. Normal clutch size is 2 eggs and occasionally only one is laid. Incubation period is 28-35 days. Both parents share duties of nest building, incubating and canng for the young. Breed once in a year. Nesting season July-December. Status: Schedule-IV of Wildlife (Protection) Act, Appendix-ll of CITES.

Sarus Crane