Scientific name: Syncerus caffer
Common name: African cape buffalo
Distribution: Abundantly found in Eastern and Southern Africa
Conservation status: Least concern (IUCN)
Physical characters: The Cape buffalo is a large, dark brownish black hoofed mammal with drooping fringed ears and large curved horns. Size: 1.7m high and 3.4m long, weight: 500-900kg. Life span: 15-25 years.
Habitat: Open savannas and grasslands near permanent source of water.
Behaviour: Live in herds of hundreds or even thousands. When chased by predators, a herd will stick close together and make it hard for the predators to pick out one member. Calves are gathered in the middle. Buffalo even dares to rescue a member that has been caught by a predator.
Reproduction: Buffalo mate and give birth strictly during the rainy seasons. Gestation period is 11.5 months. Female have their first calves at age 4 or 5. They give birth once every 2 years.
Interesting fact. Known as "Black Death" in Africa. Regarded as very dangerous animal, as it gores and kills over 200 people every year.