Cabo De Rama Fort

Spherical panorama 360° « Southern wall of the Cabo De Rama Fort ». Click on this image to open up a 360° panorama.

Cape Rama is named after the hero of the Hindu epic the Ramayana, who is said to have lived there with his wife Sita during their period of exile. The Cape was an obvious site for a fort to any power whose interests might be threatened from the sea. Its origins pre-date the arrival of the Portuguese who captured it in 1763 and used it as a prison too.

The road runs through the small village, with the amazingly brightly painted Fernandez Corner Restaurant about 500m from the car park at the Fort's entrance followed by Pinto's Bar, near the entrance to Fort; Zina Bar, next door. These offer meals, drinks and some very basic rooms.

The Fort. The gatehouse, which has been restored, looks rather quaint, with narrow firing slits irregularly spaced like a miniature design by Le Corbusier. The main entrance seems far from impregnable, considering the scale of the fortifications, but note the strategically positioned hole in the wall, pointing straight at the door, behind which a cannon could be stationed.

The outer ramparts are excellently preserved, with several cannons still scattered along their length. Despite the absence of buildings, other than the church, the magnificence of the site gives it an extraordinary atmosphere. There are stunning views from several of its major bastions, and you can walk virtually the entire outer length of the fort. From two of the gates it is possible to scramble down to the sea, but great care is needed on the crumbly laterite paths. The most dramatic of the walls is on the landward side, where it rises 10-15m above the floor of the moat which was dug both to provide laterite blocks from which the fort is constructed and to create the moat itself.

The gatehouse is at the lowest point of the whole fort, the ground rising to its highest in the southwest. The view is particularly good to the south in the evening light, across bays stretching down past Palolem to Karnataka easily visible on a clear day. From the highest point and observation post (where a modern but disused and run-down building has been built) there is a 360° view, and the wall then drops down to the north. At its lowest it is only 20m or so above the sea. At this point of the compound, deeply wooded now, is the source of the Fort's water supply. A huge tank was excavated to a depth of about 10m, and even today it has water right through the dry season. There are two springs, one of which gives out water through two spouts at different temperatures.

The whole atmosphere of the Fort, untroubled by more than a handful of visitors, creates a sense of history and drama to which only the most unimaginative could fail to respond.

Getting there from Margao, the bus departs at 0730 from southeast corner of the Municipal Gardens, return at 1200 or later. From Betul or Palolem, hire a motorcycle, followed by a few others.

After retracing your steps along the road from Cabo de Rama to the junction you can either return along the Betul/Bali road or take the road south, the coast road to Agonda and Palolem (although there are no signs to tell you this). It is a very attractive alternative to the National Highway.

Road from Palolem beach to Cabo De Rama
Road from Palolem beach to Cabo De Rama.
There is a wonderful scenery on the way to the fort
There is a wonderful scenery on the way to the fort.
the coastal road to the Fort is covered with asphalt
The coastal road to the Fort is covered with asphalt.
thicket off the road
Thicket off the road.
road near Shri Laxminarayamgramdev Temple
Road near the temple.
house near Shri Laxminarayamgramdev Temple
House near the temple.
Shri Laxminarayamgramdev Temple
Shri Laxmi Temple.
road over Shri Laxminarayamgramdev Temple
Road over the temple.
there is my Honda Dio and the temple in the background
There is my Honda Dio and the temple in the background.
road to the fort is mountainous and very exotic
Road to the fort is mountainous and exotic.
This sharp descent allows you to move down with the engine shut off
This sharp descent allows you to move down with the engine shut off.
huge euphorbia plants on the way to fort
Huge euphorbia plants on the way to fort.
parking square before the fort
Parking square before the fort.
few motorbikes on the parking
Few motorbikes on the parking.
entrance bridge to the fort
Entrance bridge to the fort.
all around the bridge overgrown with grass
All around the bridge overgrown with grass.
the building at the fort entrance
The building at the fort entrance.
square in the beginning of the fort territory
Square in the beginning of the fort territory.
the Chapel of Cabo de Rama
The Chapel of Cabo de Rama.
ancient cannons
Ancient cannons.
ancient cemetery
Ancient cemetery.
ground cover in the forest consists of unusual huge leaves
Ground cover in the forest consists of unusual huge leaves.
thicket from the grass
Thicket from the grass.
western cape view
Western cape view.
southern view from the fort
Southern view from the fort.
ancient wall
Ancient wall.
eastern wall of the fort
Eastern wall of the fort.
one should be extremely cautious on the walls of the fort
One should be extremely cautious on the walls of the fort.
arabian sea view
Arabian Sea view.
fort walls are highly elevated over the sea
Fort walls are highly elevated over the sea.
southern cape
Southern cape.
exterior view of the walls
Exterior view of the walls.
fort is full of coconut palms
Fort is full of coconut palms.
fishing-smack
Fishing-smack.
part of the wall
Part of the wall.
rocks near the seashore
Rocks near the seashore.
bird over the southern cape
Bird over the southern cape.
There are holes in the wall of the fort
There are holes in the wall of the fort.
rock in the sea
Rock in the sea.
inside the hole of the fort wall
Inside the hole of the fort wall.
dried grass stretches over the walls
Dried grass stretches over the walls.
southern cape as seen from the fort
Southern cape as seen from the fort.
sea view through the palms
Sea view through the palms.
pathway inside the fort forest
Pathway inside the fort forest.
What is the use of these holes inside the fort wall?
What is the use of these holes inside the fort wall?
the southernmost tip of the fort
The southernmost tip of the fort.
we are approaching to the large viewing platform
We are approaching to the large viewing platform.
large viewing platform
Large viewing platform.
southern view from the large viewing platform
Southern view from the large viewing platform.
the highest construction on the southern wall
The highest construction on the southern wall.
large viewing platform is ideally flat
Large viewing platform is ideally flat.
small window in the wall
Small window in the wall.
special windows were constructed in the wall
Special windows were constructed in the wall.
upper part of the fort
Upper part of the fort.
ground of the fort is stony and covered with dried grass
Ground of the fort is stony and covered with dried grass.
low shrubs are growing everywhere
Low shrubs are growing everywhere.
the highest viewing platform on the southern side
The highest viewing platform on the southern side.
Arabian sea on the south side of the fort
Arabian sea on the south side of the fort.
walls of the fort, which were not absorbed by the time
Walls of the fort, which were not absorbed by the time.
foot of the fort is inexpugnably
Foot of the fort is inexpugnably.
we go higher and higher to the top
We go higher and higher to the top.
big rocky meadow on top of the fort
Big rocky meadow on top of the fort.
main road of the fort
Main road of the fort.
this road leads to the most top of the fort
This road leads to the very top of the fort.
the central road is preserved to our days
The central road is preserved to our days.
fabulous house on the northern side of the fort
Fabulous house on the northern side of the fort.
sharp slope on the northern side of the fort
Sharp slope on the northern side of the fort.
the stairs to the very top of the fort
The stairs to the very top of the fort.
dilapidated building
Dilapidated building.
southern view from the top of a tower
Southern view from the top of a tower.
the westernmost tip of the fort
The westernmost tip of the fort.
ship in the sea
Ship in the sea.
one can go downstairs near the cashew trees
One can go downstairs near the cashew trees.
Cabo De Rama beach
Cabo De Rama beach.
succulent pachypodium grows from the wall
Succulent pachypodium grows from the wall.
dilapidated building with the thin windows
Dilapidated building with the thin windows.
the road goes down to the exit from the fort
The road goes down to the exit from the fort.
low succulent shrub with elegantly shaped branches
Low succulent shrub with elegantly shaped branches.
european girl and boy took each other by hands
Young european couple.
dilapidated building in the center of the fort territory
Dilapidated building in the center of the fort territory.
backside of the St. Anthony Chapel
Backside of the St. Anthony Chapel.
white pedestals with crosses
White pedestals with crosses.
bright pink flowers and white-blue bell
Bright pink flowers and white-blue bell.
tree full of bright pink flowers near the chapel
Tree full of bright pink flowers near the chapel.
i am approaching to the northernmost tip of the fort
I am approaching to the northernmost tip of the fort.
go upstairs closer to the cannons
Go upstairs closer to the cannons.
tree grows right on the wall
Tree grows right on the wall.
arabian sea and pachypodium plants
Arabian sea and pachypodium plants.
ancient cannon
Ancient cannon.
strange round construction in the center
Strange round construction in the center.
fort view from the northern part
Fort view from the northern part.
Cabo De Rama beach as seen from the fort
Cabo De Rama beach as seen from the fort.
Coconut palms on the northern side of the fort
Coconut palms on the northern side of the fort.
ancient wall was a good protective structure
Ancient wall was a good protective structure.
slope with a smooth declivity
Slope with a smooth declivity.
white cross and black wall
White cross and black wall.
rural man from Cabo de Rama village
Rural man from Cabo de Rama village.
parking place near the entrance of the fort
Parking place near the entrance of the fort.
Road from Agonda to Cabo de Rama: Kancola beach
Road from Agonda to Cabo de Rama: Kancola beach.
man dries the grains on the sun
Man dries the grains on the sun.
Spherical panorama 360° « The most high point of the Cabo De Rama Fort ». Click on this image to open up a 360° panorama.
crude cashew
Crude cashew.
two fishing boats
Two fishing boats.
mature pachypodium without leaves
Mature pachypodium without leaves.