Borra Caves - William king the British geologist discovered on 1807
Borra Caves naturally formed and believed to be 150 million years old
Borra Caves are located about 90kms north of Visakhapatnam, in the Ananthagiri hill ranges Eastern ghats, which range between 800 to 1300 mts M.S.L in Andhra Pradesh. William king the British geologist discovered the cave in 1807. Borra (hole in oriya) caves are naturally formed and believed to be 150 million year old. The humic acid in the water reacts with the calcium carbonate in the limestone and dissolves the minerals breaking the rock gradually. The perennial water flow over a period of time results in the formation of caves. Small streams from hillocks going towards Gosthani River (Gov-Cow, Sthani-Udder) carved out the caves. The water percolating from the roof containing calcium bicarbonate and other minerals from mounds on the ground called "Stalagmites" and spear like structure hanging from the roof called "Stalactites". The stalactites and stalagmites acquire different shapes inspiring the imagination of the tourists and locals and earing interesting names and characters like Shiv Parvathi, Mother - Child, Rushis Beard, Human Brain, Crocodile, Tiger Cows udder etc. The formation of brain - shaped stalagmite at the central part of Borra Caves can be said as the gift of nature.
The main entrance of Вorrа Caves is at atitude of 705 meter MSL while the interior goes down to 625 meters MSL. The total length of Воrra Caves is about 200 meters, but the distance you trek in the caves is about 350 meters. The DBK - (Dandakaranya - Bolangir, Kibur) train track is laid over the caves. The Gostani River that takes care of the thirstiness of the Vizagitles takes birth at Borra Caves areas. Breath taking hilly terrain, beautiful land Scape, semi - evergreen moist deciduous forests, and wild fauna of the area are a visual feast. The hill tracks are inhabited by the tribals, Jatapu, Porja, Kondadora, Nookadora, Valmiki etc.
Anthropologists of Andhra University, who conducted excavations in the cave, found stone tools of middle Paleolithic culture, dating back to 30,000 to 50,000 years, indicating human habitations. There is natural Siva Linga deep inside the caves and thousands of tribals visit the caves during Siva ratri festival every year. This cave is one of its kind in India and is a pleasure for every tourist coming to Visakhapatnam to visit the caves.
Never embark on this adventure without a guide